A hysterosalpingogram (HSG) is an X-ray test that looks at the inside of your uterus and fallopian tubes, along with the area around them.
The HSG test is a common diagnostic tool used by your doctor in the course of your fertility treatment. The test can tell the doctor a lot of important information about the causes of your infertility and the best course of action to overcome it. While there are some risks and discomfort associated with the test, most women find that both are manageable. Understanding more about the HSG test will make the procedure easier for you and hopefully help you in conceiving.
It needs to be done after you finish your period but before you ovulate. For most people, this means two to five days after their period ends. You have to keep accurate track of your menstrual cycle in order to schedule the procedure. If your menstrual cycle is irregular, you need to plan with your doctor when to schedule the HSG.
Many patients report that during the test, you will experience cramping that is similar in pain level to your menstrual cramps. Some doctors advice pain medication. You will be given antispasmodic before the HSG.
The likelihood of complications is extremely rare, but there are a few to consider. Very few women can develop a pelvic infection, endometritis or salpingitis which will require antibiotics. Women could have an allergic reaction to the X-ray dye. Once again, however, these complications are all very rare.
Patients must be scheduled within the first 10 days of their menstruation, beginning with and including the first day of the menses.