ULTRASOUND

The terms Ultrasonography and Sonography are used interchangeably. Diagnostic sonography (ultrasonography) is a diagnostic imaging technique used for visualizing abdomen structures-liver spleen kidneys pancreas gall bladder urinary bladder, the developing fetus, subcutaneous body structures including tendons, muscles, joints, vessels and internal organs for possible diseased state or lesions.

This painless diagnostic technique makes use of non-invasive high frequency sound waves, aimed at areas in the body in order to produce visual images of anatomical structures.

 

Uses:

  • It is best suited for obtaining images of solid, or uniform soft tissue and fluid-filled tissue.
  • Ultrasonography is most commonly used for imaging fetus development during pregnancy.
  • Gallbladder disease, kidney stones and evaluating cause of abdominal pain are the commonest uses.
  • High frequency ultrasound is useful for thyroid, neck, scrotal as well as breast examination.
  • Useful for early screening and follow up of cancer.
  • Transvaginal sonography (TVS) is useful for ladies with gynecological problems, infertility evaluation and follicular monitoring in ovulation studies.

 

Advantages:

  • Non invasive
  • Fast and accurate diagnosis
Upper Abdomen, General Survey Ultrasound Study Fasting for 4-6 hours is needed, bowl of fruits and water can be taken prior to study
Pelvis or Lower Abdomen, OG/GYN, Male Lower Ultrasound Studies Drink three to four glasses of water. You may be asked to drink some more water by the doctor scanning you depending case to case scenario. DO NOT empty your bladder. These imaging studies require a full urinary bladder in order to be able to obtain a successful image.

[In case of pregnancy full bladder is required up to 2 months and in cases of bleeding during pregnancy].

Ultrasound Renal or Kidney Ultrasound Drink three to four glasses of water. You may be asked to drink some more water by the doctor scanning you depending case to case scenario. DO NOT empty your bladder unless specified. These imaging studies require a full urinary bladder in order to be able to obtain a successful image. Only early pregnancy patients should hold their urine, after second trimester there is no need to hold urine pressure.
Renal Transplant, Thyroid, and Vascular Ultrasound Studies No preparation is necessary.