Echo, also known as a cardiac ultrasound, is a painless test that uses sound waves to create moving pictures of your heart. The pictures show the size and shape of your heart. They also show how well your heart’s chambers and valves are working
Echo can pinpoint areas of heart muscle that aren’t contracting well because of poor blood flow or injury from a previous heart attack.
Echo can detect possible blood clots inside the heart
Fluid build-up in the pericardium (the sac around the heart), and problems with major blood vessels that carries oxygen-rich blood from your heart to your body.
Doctors also use echo to detect heart problems in infants and children.
Calculation of the dimensions of the heart, cardiac output as well as the ejection fraction.